Wanda Stroupe


Current research demonstrated that childhood obesity has dramatically increased, especially in the rural South. Current research suggests that 25% of children are currently obese while there has been a 75% increase in relative obesity in children over the past three decades. A correlational, descriptive design was utilized to examine the following hypothesis : There will be a significant correlation among the variables of selfesteem, lifestyle, and body mass index in children. The purpose of this study was to determine if a significant correlation exists among body mass index, lifestyles, and self-esteem in children. Erickson, Tomlin, and Swain's Modeling-Role Modeling Theory was the theoretical framework that guided this study. The sample {N = 51) consisted of middle-elementary students in a rural northeast Mississippi school. Permission was obtained from the school principal to conduct the study. Perceptions were assessed using the Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale and the researcher-developed Stroupe Lifestyle Assessment Survey. Pearson r correlations were used to answer the 1 1 1 research hypothesis. Responses indicated there was no significant difference in mean body mass between male and female participants. However, the males had a higher lifestyle score than females as well as a higher selfesteem score, indicating a more positive lifestyle for males as well as a more positive sense of self-esteem. Based on findings from the study, several nursing practice recommendations were made. The nurse should perform routine assessments of levels of self-esteem among children and educate overweight children and families regarding the problems and issues that overweight children experience.


Master of Science in Nursing (MSN)


Graduate Nursing

Degree Date


Publication Number


First Advisor

Dr. Patricia E. Smyth

Second Advisor

Jolyn Cooke

Document Type


Included in

Nursing Commons