This was a descriptive study designed to determine the effect of Validation Fantasy (VF) on the attitudes of nursing students toward the elderly and their willingness to work with elderly clients. The null hypothesis stated that when second semester Associate Degree freshmen nursing students who had been taught by VF were administered the adaptation of Marion Gillis' Older Persons Questionnaire (OPQ) and the Personal Preferences Questionnaire (PPQ) and the results were compared using the ANOVA and the Newman- Keuls to the results from students taught by Reality Orien­ tation (RO) or a nonspecific approach, there would be no difference at the .05 level of significance. Data were collected from 111 second semester freshmen nursing students from three Associate Degree colleges in North Mississippi. All subjects were administered the OPQ and the PPQ. These scores were then compared using ANOVA and the Newman-Keuls at the .05 level of significance. The Pearson ^ correlation statistic was utilized to determine any significant relationship among OPQ scores, PPQ scores, age, sex, and race and chi-square statistic to determine the relationship of religion to attitudes toward the elderly or willingness to work with the elderly client. V The results demonstrated a significant difference in the scores on the OPQ and a marginal significant difference on the scores on the PPQ. The Newman-Keuls indicated that College A which used VF as its conceptual approach had a significantly higher OPQ than either College B or C and a higher PPQ than College B. Thus, the researcher rejected the null hypothesis. The Pearson ^ correlation indicated that older students are more likely to be willing to work with the elderly.


Master of Science in Nursing (MSN)


Graduate Nursing

Degree Date


Publication Number


First Advisor

Phyllis Werner

Second Advisor

Mary Patricia Curtis

Third Advisor

Rayna Skinner

Document Type


Included in

Nursing Commons