The purpose of this quasi-experimental study was to determine the effects of reminiscence therapy on social interaction in a group of institutionalized elders. The researcher hypothesized that there would be no significant differences over time in social interactions as institutionalized elders participated in a reminiscence group. The sample was comprised of three elderly females in a nursing home in North Mississippi. The subjects were observed for behaviors indicating interaction during eight sessions. These sessions were conducted for 3 weeks and each one lasted approximately one hour. A trained observer recorded observations using the Social Interaction Tool. The data were submitted to statistical analysis using the ^ test at a .05 level of significance. The statistical analysis revealed a significant difference in the amount of tension and relaxation exhibited by group members. This difference indicated that over time, subjects became more tense and less relaxed. Thus, the hypothesis was rejected.
Master of Science in Nursing (MSN)
Dr. Rayma Skinner
Dr. Mary Patricia Curtis
Dr. Phyllis W. Werner
Cooley, Lori A., "The Effects of Reminiscence Therapy on Social Interactions of Institutionalized Elders" (1987). MSN Research Projects. 180.