This quasi-experimental research study examined the effects of the aquatic exercise on self-concept in the elderly. The researcher hypothesized that there would be no significant difference in self-concept between elders who participated in an aquatic exercise program and elders who did not participate. A researcher-designed demographic data form and the Tennessee Self Concept Scale were used to collect pertinent data. A total of 22 subjects from two cities 30 miles apart participated in the study. Ten white female subjects were in the experimental group and 9 white and 3 black females were in the control group. The total positive self-concept scores and 9 subscores of the Tennessee Self Concept Scale were analyzed using the ^ test at the .05 level of significance. Analysis of the data showed no significance, and the researcher failed to reject the null hypothesis.


Master of Science in Nursing (MSN)


Graduate Nursing

Degree Date


Publication Number


First Advisor

Dr. Rayma Skinner

Second Advisor

Dr. Phyllis W. Werner

Third Advisor

Dr. Mary Patricia Curtis

Document Type


Included in

Nursing Commons