Clinical guidelines are the basis of any primary care setting. They were developed in order to give the healthcare provider access to information regarding screening, assistance, and management of certain ailments. Smoking cessation education is among the many clinical guidelines. Smoking is also among the modifiable risk factors for many diseases, including heart disease and cancer. A nonexperimental, ex post facto chart review was used to evaluate if healthcare professionals provided and documented smoking cessation education. A random sample o f (N=200) patients’ charts were selected at a clinic site in Northeast Mississippi. The purpose o f the study was to examine tobacco dependent patients’ charts to evaluate if healthcare providers implemented smoking cessation education and documented the health promoting behavior in accordance with the standards of care. The researchers discovered a large number of tobacco dependent patients’ charts that received little documentation o f smoking cessation education. Eight seven percent of the patients were assessed regarding smoking cessation; however, only 16% were advised to avoid smoke through the course o f their illness. Pender’s Health Promotion Model provides framework for the study.


Master of Science in Nursing (MSN)


Graduate Nursing

Degree Date


Publication Number


First Advisor

Cathy Smith

Document Type


Included in

Nursing Commons