The purpose of this study was to describe the relationship between perceived touch and self-concept in elders. Johnson's Behavioral Model provided the theoretical framework for this descriptive correlational study. Thirty subjects, who were 60 years or older, and lived in either a nursing home, a retirement home, or an independent living center participated in this study. Data were collected using the Touch Questionnaire and the Tennessee Self-Concept Scale and were analyzed using the Pearson Product Moment Correlation. Data analysis revealed a significant relationship between beliefs about touch and self-concept. Thus, the higher the scores on the Beliefs About Touch, the higher the self-concept. However, there was no significant relationship between self-concept and Like touch, Touch behaviors, or Nurse touch. Recommendations for further study include research about the impact of touch on elders with a decreased selfconcept, how elders perceive the different types of touch, and how touch should be used by nurses. The researcher also recommends that Geriatric Nurse Clinicians promote the use of touch to enhance self-concept among elders.


Master of Science in Nursing (MSN)


Graduate Nursing

Degree Date


Publication Number


First Advisor

Dr. Rayma Skinner

Second Advisor

Dr. Mary Patricia Curtis

Third Advisor

Dr. Virginia Lee Cora

Document Type


Included in

Nursing Commons